Oney "Ona" Judge (c. 1773 – February 25, 1848) was a slave at George Washington's plantation, Mount Vernon, in Virginia. Why are the Brits historically better troops than the loudmouth american ? Ownership of Oney Judge and her three children now passed to relatives on Martha’s side of the family, but there’s no evidence that they ever tried to reclaim Judge under the Fugitive Slave Act. In May or June 1796, after learning that the First Lady had promised her as a wedding present to another granddaughter, Oney made escape plans. She was born into slavery at Mt. More is known about her than any other Mount Vernon slave because she was interviewed by two abolitionist newspapers in the 1840s. Oney had three children with Jack Staines. If the ex-slave, child, or even grandchild were the ones receiving it, I wouldn't have an issue because it would be well deserved money. Oney Judge, on the other hand, was a Custis dower slave. ... were already living with husband William ... Music. When Ona was born, in 1773 or 1774, the law said the child of a slave was the property of the slaveowner. I don't believe that people now a days are still directly effected by the slavery that took place, and as such should not be getting paid for the suffering of their ancestors. http://www.ushistory.org/presidentshouse/slaves/on... How was life for you people who were alive in the 80's without cellphones and internet? Born about 1773 at Mount Vernon, Judge began laboring in the mansion when she was ten years old. A generation younger than Billy Lee, she first appears in a slave list drawn up by George Washington in 1786, which says that she was born about 1774, was the daughter of a seamstress named Betty, and had a little sister—six years younger—named Delphy. By now the people who would be receiving the money are at least 2 or 3 generations away from the person who was actually a slave. Washington rotated the President's House slaves out of state to prevent their establishing legal residency, itself a violation of Pennsylvania law, but the President's actions were never challenged. Not only was she a runaway, but she was a runaway from our founding father, George Washington, and his wife Martha. Oney's half-brother, Austin, also worked in the presidential households. This week we will hear Emily Arnold McCully's The Escape of Oney Judge. Following Washington's retirement, his nephew, Burnwell Bassett Jr., traveled to New Hampshire to convince Oney to return. She passed away on February 25th, 1848. "Oh, it's bad! She met and married a free-black sailor, Jack Staines, and had 3 children by him. In late May 21, 1796 one of Martha Washington's slaves, Oney Judge, escaped from the Executive Mansion in Philadelphia, where she lived with the Washingtons during his presidency, serving as Martha's chambermaid. George Washington's Mount Vernon", Stephan Salisbury, "City honors Washington's slave - and 'power of archaeology'", "Slave's escape commemorated at President's House", "The President's House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation", "Colonial Williamsburg HERO Live! ... if Martha Washington's descendants decided to make a legal claim. Her friends hid her until they found a northbound ship, which took Oney to New Hampshire. She died in Greenland, New Hampshire on February 25, 1848. Oney Judge. (At the end of that period, the enslaved could demand their freedom under state law.) She was the daughter of Betty, an enslaved seamstress living on Mansion House Farm, and Andrew Judge, a white English tailor whom Washington hired from 1772 to 1784. I think the money would better be spent by building a monument to remember what people went through or using it to end present day slavery, if people want to spend the money. The daughter of Betsy, an enslaved seamstress, and Andrew Judge, a white English tailor, Oney was moved into Mount Vernon's main house at about age 10, probably as a playmate for Martha Washington's granddaughter Nelly Custis. Ona’s mother was a slave named Betty, a skilled spinner, weaver and seamstress. While living in Philadelphia with the President and his family, Oney risked her life when she escaped to freedom in New Hampshire. The 2000 U.S. Census counted 163,036 people with the surname Washington - 90 per cent of them were African-American, a far higher black percentage than for any other common name. In 1827, Oney Judge would have been at least fifty years old and was still in New Hampshire. : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site", George Washington's correspondence with Joseph Whipple, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oney_Judge&oldid=990724775, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Eliza Staines (born 1798, died February 14, 1832, New Hampshire, no known offspring), Will Staines (born 1801, death date & location unknown, no known offspring), Nancy Staines (born 1802, died February 11, 1833, New Hampshire, no known offspring), This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 04:15. Popularity: Jenna Oney Jenna Oney is an athlete for the Real Colorado Cougars. Oney Judge was a young female slave owned by Martha and George Washington. Known historically as Oney Judge, Oney was born into slavery in Mt. Why Not Berlin. Popularity: Back to Top. She escaped to freedom from the President's House in May 1796, and was hidden by Philadelphia's free-black community. Ona (Oney) Judge, an enslaved woman ... Judge’s interview appears on the same page as a review of the then recently published Frederick Douglass memoir, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Instead, the 153 or so "dowers" were inherited by Martha Washington's grandchildren following her death in 1802. Oney was a "dower" slave, owned by the estate of Martha Washington's first husband, and not one of the 124 Mount Vernon slaves freed following George Washington's death in 1799. More is known about her than any of the other enslaved because she gave two interviews to abolitionist newspapers in the 1840s. So `` dowers '' were inherited by Martha Washington 's granddaughter hand, was a slave named,. The President 's House in May 1796, and was kept oney judge descendants a fugitive people who were alive in 80! 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