Ancient Greek philosophy is dominated by three very famous men: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Aristotle, who was younger, came to study at Plato's school, and ended up starting his own school as well. One among the greatest philosophers of those times was Plato, a student of Socrates. -SOCRATES, "Human behavior flows from three main sources; desire, emotion, and knowledge. Socrates, his student Plato, and Plato's student Aristotle are certainly the most important Ancient Greek philosophers. In physics, he agreed with many Pythagorean views. History >> Ancient Greece. The Hellenistic period lasted from 334 to 146BC, and is most commonly known as the period of Alexander the Great. March 7, 2008. Edward Elgar Publication, 1997, Gaynor Ellis, Elisabeth, and Anthony Esler "World History: Connections to Today World" The Glory That Was Greece, New Jersey and Massachussets, 2005, "Greek Philospohers" The Encylopedia Americana. He propounded multiple paradoxes himself, which were debated among later generations of philosophers. Aristocles, a k.a. One of his philosophical landmarks has been his assertion of the four-element theory of matter. These are the Stoics, the Skeptics, and the Epicureans. At a time when human knowledge was still far too generalized, he broke down this knowledge into distinct categories such as ethics, biology, mathematics, and physics – a classification pattern still used today. All that and more 2,200 years ago. He put forth the idea of opposite motive forces involved in the building of the world, namely love as the cause of union, and strife as the cause of separation. Anaximander of Miletus is the famous pupil of, and in many ways a philosophical successor to, Thales himself. They broke away from the tradition of mythological explanations, and embarked on an interpretation largely based on reasoning and evidence. He is one of the most familiar names in pre-Socratic society, yet we know surprisingly little about him. Socrates thought enjoying life was the most important thing, and taught his students to us rational thinking, and rational understanding to revive knowledge. You literally gave me the perfect thing for my historical investigation project. If a philosophy is not directly applicable to people’s lives, that philosophy is useless. He is also well known in the fields of early biology and geography. He devoted much of his time to explaining nature as it is, taking the universe as an undifferentiated mass until it was worked upon by a spiritual component which he called “nous” meaning “mind.” He believed that in the physical world, everything contained a part of everything else. Dorling Kindersley. There were many accomplishments from the Ancient Greeks. He created the first world image of an open universe, a move away from the notion of a closed universe, making him the first speculative astronomer in human history. An insightful list introducing me to several Philosophers I didn’t know. . Instead of regurgitating ideas based solely on his individual interpretations, he would question people relentlessly on their beliefs, and try to find definitions of virtues by conversing with anyone proclaiming to possess such qualities. In ancient Greece by the 700's BC, the city-state formed. In a word…Bureaucracy! In ancient Greece, philosophers had a special place and were considered influential people. Pythagoras, 5. ARISTOTLE. The farcical errors committed in grammar, syntax, and punctuation demonstrated in his comment alone, prove how atrocious an article from him would be. Socrates was the first to question things. Plato founded the Academy and came up with a new form of literature, dialogues and speech. But unlike Thales, he thought that this basis had an “apeiron” (an unlimited substance) that acted as a source for everything. Aristotle and many more. He is also said to have developed a well-defined standard to theorize why changes occur. ... Modern day militaries use ancient Greek strategies. "Socrates" Kidipede - History for Kids. This page was last modified on 25 March 2012, at 14:30. They all were the founders of western philosophy. He simply rejected the presence of any void or empty space, thus completely contradicting the philosophical ideology of Parmenides. On behalf of all historians, thank you for the time and effort you put into this well-written article. He focused on the nature of things around us and what things really meant. Two such societies were the Ancient Greeks and Ancient Romans. Greek Philosophy focused on the role of reason and inquiry. Much of his work remains truncated, especially at the hands of subsequent generations of philosophers. ... During his three-year stay in Mysia, Aristotle met and married his first wife, Pythias, Hermias' niece. The three great Socratic philosophers, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, were to be "rediscovered" during the Renaissance and their rational, practical, and scientific ideas were to influence the thinking and the governmental, religious, and educational institutions of the entire western world. “Plato” 13. The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed, Top 10 Most Worshiped Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greece…, Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia, Top 10 Most Important People in Ancient Greece, Top 21 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer, Top 13 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Babylonia, Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia. As a philosophy professor, i have also my list of my top names and here are: 1. This is the time of the evolution of city-states for ancient Greece, and the beginnings ... Modern day militaries use ancient Greek strategies. Here is a list of the top 10 most influential ancient Greek philosophers: Parmenides was a known follower of Pythagoras, another renowned figure in the philosophical paradigm of ancient Greece. Empedocles 9 and 10. The evolution of philosophy and critical thinking in ancient Greece started somewhere around the sixth century BC and arguably played a pivotal role in the subsequent development of the knowledge that we have today. How have the three famous Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristole influenced the world today? Ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle, was born circa 384 B.C. 2004 [[2]], Charles, Christopher, Whiston Taylor, R.M. All three of these lived in Athens for most of their lives, and they knew each other. Courier Dover Publications, New York, 1927, "The Suicide of Socrates, 399 BC," EyeWitness to History, 2003 [[5]], http://burdosclassroom.org/worldhistorywiki/index.php?title=Greek_Philosophers&oldid=37611. DMCA, Enduring Contributions of the Ancient Greeks, Access to over 100,000 complete essays and term papers, Fully built bibliographies and works cited, One-on-one writing assistance from a professional writer, Advanced pro-editing service - have your paper proofed and edited, The tools you need to write a quality essay or term paper. The three Greek Philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle influenced the world in their own different ways. with three of the most influential philosophers ever, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. "The Quotations Page" 1997. There were many famous figures from Ancient Greece. He founded the Academy in Athens that was the western society’s first institution of higher learning. One of the greatest philosophers was Socrates (469-399BC. He calculated the circumsference of the earth and was wrong by a margin 0.5. Eventually, his beliefs and realistic approach to philosophy led to his execution. >== Essential Question == One of his philosophical landmarks has been his assertion of the four-element theory of … The ancient Greeks had a huge impact on western civilization. ... Democracy, classical art and architecture, philosophy, and drama all can trace their lineage to ancient Greece. 7. Their esoteric philosophical ideas on primitive natural science as well as the ethical application of their philosophical values in society earned them the recognition that lives to this day. He regarded the world as the perfect harmony and based his teaching on how to lead a harmonious life. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were the most influential philosophers of there time. The Hellenistic period brought out the the best of artists, athletes, scientists and other great thinkers.

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